August 3, 2016 2:19 am Published by

The North Pole, also called as the Geographic North Pole is the point in the Northern Hemisphere where the Earth’s axis of rotation meets its surface. By definition, the North Pole is the northernmost point on the Earth, lying diametrically opposite the South Pole.

It is a little fun fact to think that at the North Pole all directions point south. No matter which direction you move, you are moving south. Think about it for a moment! Also, as far as the east and west are concerned, it’s actually a question of rotation. The counterclockwise direction is considered east and the clockwise rotation is considered west.

The North Pole is located in the middle of the Arctic Ocean which is almost permanently frozen. The ice sheet keeps shifting so you can’t have a permanent base or a flag pole denoting the exact location of the North Pole. covered with constantly shifting sea ice.While the South Pole lies on a continental land mass, This makes it impractical to construct a permanent station at the North Pole (unlike the South Pole). However, the Soviet Union, and later Russia, constructed a number of manned drifting stations on a generally annual basis since 1937, some of which have passed over or very close to the Pole. Since 2002, the Russians have also annually established a base,

However, Russia has constructed a base close to the North Pole and they also organize tourist visits. Someday in future, due to the rising global temperature and rising sea water level, the North Pole may become seasonally ice-free. There is significant Arctic ice shrinkage happening as you read this.

The depth of Arctic Ocean at the North Pole has been measured at 4,261 m (13,980 ft) by the Russian Mir submersible and at 4,087 m (13,410 ft) by USS Nautilus. The nearest land is usually said to be Kaffeklubben Island, off the northern coast of Greenland about 700 km (430 mi) away. The nearest permanently inhabited place is Alert in the Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut, Canada, which is located 817 km (508 mi) from the North Pole.

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This post was written by Salil Jha